PATAN THE CITY OF ARTIST:
Patan, the historic city is also termed as the City of Fine Arts, which is rich in culture, crafts having thousand years of history. It is considered as one of the ancient cities, having full of Hindu temples as well as Buddhist monuments where all ethnic communities belonging to both Hinduism and Buddhism have embraced each other in harmony .and peace. The city is, just 5km south east to the Capital city Katmandu. The city spreads over 16 sq. kilometers and divides into 22 Municipal wards and is inhabited by roughly 165,000 people. Newars, the indigenous inhabitants of Patan, have their own unique culture and traditions which is also recognized as a cultural resource of the world. One of Patan’s biggest festivals, the Machhendra nath jatra, a unique chariot festival celebrated for a month in May-June. A substantial portion of the population is engaged in various trades, especially in traditional handicrafts and small scale cottage industries and the rest are busy in agriculture
The city is said to be designed in the shape of the Buddhist Dharma-Chakra (Wheel of Righteousness). It is also famous for its narrow streets and alleys, lined by traditional buildings, unique stone water conduits and vernacular architecture, Hindu and Buddhist monuments. There are more than 1,200 Buddhist monasteries and monuments of various shapes and sizes scattered in and around the city. The most important monument of the city is the medieval palace complex, Patan Durbar Square,
THE FOUR STUPAS OF ASHOKA:
The most remarkable feature of the town of Patan is its four ancient architectural Ashoka Stupas. There are four 'thurs' or mounds located on the perimeter of Patan, one at each cardinal point and are popularly known as the Ashoka Stupas. . Legendary Ashoka, Mauryan Emperor of India, Calong his daughter Charumati visited Kathmandu in 250 B. and erected these Stupas. The historians have agreed that these Stupas might have been erected in connection with the foundation of Patan towards the end of the 4th century AD.
Tuesday, December 25, 2012
Monday, December 24, 2012
An image of the under construction marble temple
|Architecture and culture|
|Primary deity:||Nar Narayan|
|Date built:||Expected: May 23, 2010|
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Bhuj is a new temple complex coming up in Bhuj. It is a
An Earthquake on 26 January 2001 shattered most parts of the city of Bhuj (Kutch District), including the original Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Bhuj built by Bhagwan Swaminarayan in 1824. To replace this, the new temple is being built of only marble and gold. The throne for the idol of Swaminarayan, the temple domes and doors will be of gold whiles the pillars and ceilings will be made of marble. The original central deity images of Nar Narayan and Swaminarayan in the form of Hari Krishna will be moved from the old temple to the new one along with those of Radha Krishna, Swaminarayan in the form of Ghanshyam and Sukh Shaiya and others.
The new temple is being built at a cost of 1 billion Indian rupees (100 crore) on 5 acres (20,000 m2) of land. Made in marbe, intricate carvings adorn the pillars and ceiling of the most expensive temple to be built in the Indian state of Gujarat recently.
A large number of people are expected to attend the opening ceremony of the temple including a people from overseas, including from United Kingdom and various parts of Africa. According to an estimate by a member of the Bhuj Hoteliers' Association, as of October 2009, 75% of the hotel rooms in Bhuj had been booked for the period during which the opening ceremony is scheduled to take place. To manage influx of vehicles, Jubilee ground and Khasda ground, the two biggest grounds in Bhuj will be used for parking arrangements. Temple authorities are expecting around 500,000 (5 lakh) visitors during this period.
A 3D film, the first of its kind on the life and teachings of Swaminarayan titled 'Sahajanand' will be screened as part of the opening celebrations of the temple. Shot by S3D cameras, it is claimed to be the first of its kind in India.
Sunday, December 23, 2012
There is no denying the fact that people all over the world have an irresistible urge to know about Gujarat - its history and culture. Enclosed by Pakistan and the states of Rajasthan to the north eastern part of the country, Madhya Pradesh to the east and Maharashtra and the Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south, Gujarat is one of the prime tourist destinations in India. A seat for deep seated folk and classical cultures, the state reflects a rich heritage of the country’s past.
Trying to know more and more about Gujarat will lead you to explore avenues more than you actually expected. Walks along the beautiful Diu Beach, Ahmedpur Mandvi Beach, or visits to the various temples which are some of the finest tourist attractions in India will offer some of the memorable moments of your life. The Rann of Kutch which occupies a large area of western Gujarat is famous for its rare ecosystem, wildlife, fossils, and terrain.
|Area||1,96,024 sq km|
|Religion||Hinduism (89.48%), Islam (8.73%), Others (1.79%)|
|Languages||Gujarati, Hindi, English|
|Best Time To Visit||October to March|
Having derived its name from Gujjaratta, meaning the land of the Gujjars, a tribe which migrated to India around the 5th century AD, Gujarat has its history dating back to many Indus Valley and Harappan centers that have been discovered in the states like Rangpur, Lothal, Lakhabaval, Dholavira, Amri, and Rozdi. Gradually with the advent of the Yadava tribe led by Lord Krishna, some 3,500 years ago, Gujarat reached its most glorious days.
History about Gujarat says that Ashoka, the Mauryan king extended his kingdom to Gujarat. The downfall of the Maurya Empire subsequently led the smaller kingdoms to establish their authority in this state. The state prospered greatly during the time of Solankis from the 9th century. In the 12th century AD, Allauddin Khilji, the Sultan of Delhi defeated the Waghela king of Gujarat and a long era of Muslims started. Power changed hands to the Marathas and ended the Muslim rule in the 18th century only to be further transferred to the British in the early 19th century. The East India Company set up its first center in Surat.
Gujarat was initially a part of Mumbai state till 1960; and Gujarat’s people decided to have their state divided on the basis of language and culture. This led to creation of the two new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra.
Saturday, December 22, 2012
Friday, December 21, 2012
ADALAJ STEP WELL
Thursday, December 20, 2012
King Karandev 1, the Solanki Ruler, had waged a war against the Bhil king of Ashapall. After his victory Karandev established the city called "Karnavati". In 1411 Sultan Ahmed Shah conquered Karnavati and after his name Karnavati was renamed to Ahmedabad. The city was built in open and spacious plane to the East of Sabarmati. It compromised of smaller known Fort as Bhadra Fort. The city fort wall was enclosed containing 12 Gates.