PATAN THE CITY OF ARTIST:
Patan, the historic city is also termed as the City of Fine Arts, which is rich in culture, crafts having thousand years of history. It is considered as one of the ancient cities, having full of Hindu temples as well as Buddhist monuments where all ethnic communities belonging to both Hinduism and Buddhism have embraced each other in harmony .and peace. The city is, just 5km south east to the Capital city Katmandu. The city spreads over 16 sq. kilometers and divides into 22 Municipal wards and is inhabited by roughly 165,000 people. Newars, the indigenous inhabitants of Patan, have their own unique culture and traditions which is also recognized as a cultural resource of the world. One of Patan’s biggest festivals, the Machhendra nath jatra, a unique chariot festival celebrated for a month in May-June. A substantial portion of the population is engaged in various trades, especially in traditional handicrafts and small scale cottage industries and the rest are busy in agriculture
The city is said to be designed in the shape of the Buddhist Dharma-Chakra (Wheel of Righteousness). It is also famous for its narrow streets and alleys, lined by traditional buildings, unique stone water conduits and vernacular architecture, Hindu and Buddhist monuments. There are more than 1,200 Buddhist monasteries and monuments of various shapes and sizes scattered in and around the city. The most important monument of the city is the medieval palace complex, Patan Durbar Square,
THE FOUR STUPAS OF ASHOKA:
The most remarkable feature of the town of Patan is its four ancient architectural Ashoka Stupas. There are four 'thurs' or mounds located on the perimeter of Patan, one at each cardinal point and are popularly known as the Ashoka Stupas. . Legendary Ashoka, Mauryan Emperor of India, Calong his daughter Charumati visited Kathmandu in 250 B. and erected these Stupas. The historians have agreed that these Stupas might have been erected in connection with the foundation of Patan towards the end of the 4th century AD.