Tuesday, December 25, 2012

PATAN THE CITY OF ARTIST:

PATAN THE CITY OF ARTIST:

Patan, the historic city is also termed as the City of Fine Arts, which is rich in culture, crafts having thousand years of history. It is considered as one of the ancient cities, having full of Hindu temples as well as Buddhist monuments where all ethnic communities belonging to both Hinduism and Buddhism have embraced each other in harmony .and peace. The city is, just 5km south east to the Capital city Katmandu. The city spreads over 16 sq. kilometers and divides into 22 Municipal wards and is inhabited by roughly 165,000 people. Newars, the indigenous inhabitants of Patan, have their own unique culture and traditions which is also recognized as a cultural resource of the world. One of Patan’s biggest festivals, the Machhendra nath jatra, a unique chariot festival celebrated for a month in May-June. A substantial portion of the population is engaged in various trades, especially in traditional handicrafts and small scale cottage industries and the rest are busy in agriculture

The city is said to be designed in the shape of the Buddhist Dharma-Chakra (Wheel of Righteousness). It is also famous for its narrow streets and alleys, lined by traditional buildings, unique stone water conduits and vernacular architecture, Hindu and Buddhist monuments. There are more than 1,200 Buddhist monasteries and monuments of various shapes and sizes scattered in and around the city. The most important monument of the city is the medieval palace complex, Patan Durbar Square,


Patan Darbar Square:
In Patan, the places to visit include the Durbar Square, with its enchanting palace building, artistic courtyards and pagoda temples. Patan's Durbar Square offers the finest display of Newari urban architecture in Nepal. The Darbar square is full of ancient palaces, temples and shrines noted for their exquisite carvings.
Patan Durbar Square
Patan Durbar Square
Kumari Bahal:
The most famous building here is the Kumari Bahal, a building richly decorated with beautiful woodcarvings, which is home to the Royal Kumari, the Living Goddess, a manifestation of the great goddess Durga


Krishna Temples:
This temple is the ornament of patan, build by Siddhi Narsingha Malla in 1637. The temple has important scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata epics have been carved inside the temple On the occasion of Krishna Janmasthanmi (Lord Krishna’s Birthday), thousands of devotees come to the temple.
Krishna Temple

Golden Temple:
This temple is the riches temple in patan, built in the 12th Century. The building has three roofs with copper golden facades. Inside the temple, there are images of Buddha and Bodhisattvas is located north of the Durbar Square.

THE FOUR STUPAS OF ASHOKA:

The most remarkable feature of the town of Patan is its four ancient architectural Ashoka Stupas. There are four 'thurs' or mounds located on the perimeter of Patan, one at each cardinal point and are popularly known as the Ashoka Stupas. . Legendary Ashoka, Mauryan Emperor of India, Calong his daughter Charumati visited Kathmandu in 250 B. and erected these Stupas. The historians have agreed that these Stupas might have been erected in connection with the foundation of Patan towards the end of the 4th century AD.

Lagan Thura:
Among the four stupas of patan, the southern mound is known as Lagan Khel Stupa or Lagan Thura Stupa.The mound is crowned by a recent structure, a miniature cenotaph added on the top. Lagan thura is the largest amongst the four stupas which is 47.40 meters in diameter and 11.80 meters in height.

Teta thura:
The eastern mound is known as Teta thura, which is located about 200 meters east of Tyagal Tole of Patan near the Eastern ring road and is the second biggest stupas amongst other two stupas. This Stupa is 75.83 meters in perimeter and 10.4 meters in height. It has fire Vedika of height 1.6 meters with one Tathagata in each direction. The dome is paved with firebricks and a square shaped Harmika enshrines the dome.

Pucho Thura:
The stupa located just at the roadside of Pul Chowk Bus stand on the west end of Patan,is Phucho stupa.,which is 75.52 meters in perimeter and 12 meters in height. It has firebrick Vedika of height 1.2 meters with one Tathagata in each direction. The dome that is 6.5 meters tall is too paved by firebrick. The thirteen rings Cakravalis are constructed directly over the dome in square shaped pyramid structure.

Ibhahi Thura:
This stupa is the smallest stupas having perimeter of 60.62 meters, located on northern end of Patan. Ibhabi thura has five Buddha in the Vedika with their consorts except the Tathagata Vairocana, whereas Vedika is of 1.5meter and dorm of 5.5meters in height. A square Harmika is constructed over the dome with 13 steps Cakravali and a parasol.

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