Monday, April 30, 2012

Keshwala Rajputs (Suryavanshi

Keshwala Rajputs (Suryavanshi)

Kachwaha (Kishwaha, Cutchwaha and Keshwala). Also sprang from Kusha. It has 12 kotri or houses.
Major subdivisions: Gogawat, Kubhani, Naruka, Ladkhani, Tajkhani, Nathawat, Rajawat, Shekhawat, Jeetawat, Bankawat,Balbhadrot, Khangarot, Chaturbhujot.
This is a celebrated clan to which the maharajas of important states of Amber or Jaipur and Alwar belong. They are of solar race and claim descent from Kash, second son of the great king Rama of Ajodhia Their original seat , according to tradition, was Rohtas on the Son river, and another of their famous progenitors was Raja Nal, who migrated from Rohtas and founded Narwar. The town of Damoh in the Central Provinces is supposed to be named after Damyanti, Raja Nal’s wife. According to general Cunningham Kachhwaha is an abbreviation of Kachhaha-ghata or tortoise-killer.
The earliest appearance of the Kachhwaha rajputs in authentic history is in the 10th century, when a chief of the clan captured Gwalior from the Parihar-Gujar kings of Kannauj and established himself there. His dynasty had an independent existence till AD 1128, when it became tributary to the Chandel kings f Mahoba. The last king of Gwalior was Tejkaran, called Dulha Rai or the bridgegroom-prince, and he received from his father-in-law the district of Daora in the present Jaipur State, where he settled. In 1150 one of his successors wrested Amber from the Minas and made it his capital. The Amber State from the first acknowledged the supremacy of the Mughal emperors, and the chief of the period gave his daughter in marriage to Akbar.
The chief’s son, Bhagwan Das, is said to have saved Akbar’s life at the battle of Sarnal. Bhagwan Das gave a daughter to Jahangir, and his adopted son, Man Singh, the great chief, was one of the most conspicuous of the Mughla emperors, and at differnt periods was governor of Kabul, Bengal, Bihar and the Deccan. The next chief of note, Jai Singh I, appears in all the wars of Aurangzeb in the Deccan. He was commander of 6000 horse, and captured Sivaji, the celbrated chief of Maratha power. The present city of Jaipur was founded by a subsequent chief, Jai Singh II, in 1728. At the Burbar of 1877 his salute was raised with 21 guns. The Alwar State was founded about 176 by Pratap Singh, a descendent of a prince of the Jaipur house, who had separated from it centuries ago.
In Colonel Tod’s time the Kachwaha chiefs in memory of the their desent from Rama, the incarnation of the sun , celebrated with great solemnity the annual feast of the sun. On this occasion a stately car called the chariot of the sun was brought from Rama’s temple, and the Maharaja ascending into it peramulated his capital. The images of Rama and Siva were carried with the army bot in Alwar and Jaipur. The banner of Amber frequently mentioned by the bards was called Panchranga (5 colours). The Kachwahas are fairly numerous in UP and in MP are found in Saugor, Hoshangabad and Nimar Districts pricipally.
One of the royal clans in Rajastan is: Shekawat, descended from raja Sekha Rao of Kachhwaha. Kachhwahas are the Suryavans rajputs (living around Jaipur). There are 65 gotras of Kachwaha rajputs (among others Rajawat, Shekawat, Nathawat, Khangarot, Ranawat). They derive their name from cutch or from Kush. (Another meaning is tortoise). There is also a section of the Kacchi Kayasts with the same name. Shekawati are the most influential of all Kachawaha Rajputs and reside in Shekawati areas (Jhunjhunu, Sikar, etc).
The Kachhwahas of Jaipur are related to the Kachtries (Kuchi) of Baluchistan and the Kuchi of Afghanistan according to some sources. Kacha-pa also means turtle (lliterally inhabiting the kacha = marshland,s hores = Kutch?). The Kuchi tribe of Pashtunistan is great for belly dance and tribal dance. They live in southeastern Afghanistan to the border of Pakistan. The Kuchi tribe of Afghanistan are nomadic, accustomed to moving annually with their herds between summer pastures in Afghanistan and winter pastures in Pakistan. Kuchi is a Baluchistan word meaning nomadic or wandering .
The Ghorewahas (or Main) are Kachwaha Rajputs. “They say that Raja Man, sixth in descent from Kush [one of the sons of Lord Ram], had two sons Kachwaha and Hawaha, and that they are of the lineage of Hawaha (161). It is possible that some of the Ghorewahas became goldsmiths. Amber, the old Kachhwaha capital was taken from Meenas in 1037.

Parihar Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Parihar Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Par(r)hiar (Pathiar) with 13 branches/shakhas: Lullra, Surawat, Rameta, Budhkhel/Pokhawat, Inda,Khokhar, Kilhan/Kalhans/Chandra/Chuhhan, Ghorana, Dhandhil,Sindhu, Dorana, Subrana, Pahara, Keshodas, Sonpalol, Deep
This clan was one of the 4 Agni-kulas God Shiva created a man from fire, who had a dark complexion. This man, though not brave, was well suited to act as guard at the door. This is exactly the reason why he came to be known as ‘Prithvi-ha-Dwara’ of which Parihar is a corruption. Geographically, during the period of Muslim conquest the Rajputs were the pratiharas, or protectors of India Also known as Parrhiar.
Mundawar or Mundodri was the capital of the Parihara, which owned the sway of this tribe before the invasion and settlement of the Rathor clan. They were dominant in Bundelkhand before the Chandels, their last chieftain having been overthrown by a Chandel prince in AD 831. A parihar-Gujar chieftain, whose capital was in Bhinmal in Rajputana, conquered the dominions of the great Harsha Vardhana, and established himself there about AD 816. Kannaj was then held by Gujar-Parihar kings till ca 1090, when it was seized by Chandradeva of the Gaharwar Rajput clan. The Parihar rulers were thus subverted by the Gaharwars and Chandels, both of whom are thought to be derived from the Bhars or other aboriginal tribes. After this period the Parihar are of little importance. They appear to have retired to Rajputana, as col. Tod states that Mundore, 5 miles north of Jodhpur, was their headquarter until it was taken by the Rathors. The walls of the ruined fortress of Mundore are built of enormous square masses of stone without cement. In the Central Provinces they are found principally in Saugor, Damoh and Jubbulpore.

Sunday, April 29, 2012

Parmar Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Parmar Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Parmar (Pramara or Panwar) with 35 branches : Mori, Sodha,Sankhla, Khechar , Umra & Sumra , Kohil, Daddha, Maipawat, Khair, Bhuller, orgatia,Pachawara,Varah, KabaBeedh, Badhel, Dheek, Ujjjainia, Kaleja.....etc
Also known as Parwar or Pawar in Maharashtra, where the brances are: Pawar, Bagwe, Ichare, Renuse, Jagdhane, Rasal, Landage, Bane, Rokade, Chandane, Khairnar, Malwade, Wagaje. According to the myths their great-grand forefather, Parmar, was created out of fire by Inder Devta, the god of fire, at Mount Abu. It is said that as the newly created man had come out from fire saying “mar, mar” loudly, he came to be known as parmar, and Abu, Dhar, and Ujjain were assigned to him as a territory.
The 4 clans known as Agnikula were the Panwar, Chauhan, Parihar, and Chalukya or Solanki.
The Navasahasanka charitra of Padmaguta (11th cent AD) mentions the first of the Parmara clan : Vashishta created a hero from his agnikunda to get back the cow that Vishvamitra had taken from him. Vashishta then said: “you will become a lord of the kings called Paramara”. Here Paramara indicated killer of others. This hero’s son Upendra was succeeded by Vakpatiraj I. The copper-plates of Harsola, that are from 949 AD give the descent of Bappairaja (Vakpatiraja) from Akalavarsha. Akalavarsha was a famous Rashtrakuta king. A later inscription of Vakpatiraj II of the Parmara dynasty mentions that the king bore titles Amoghavarsha, Prathvivallabha and Shrivallabha. There are Rashtrakuta titles. This Vakpatiraj II was an uncle of famous Raja Bhoja.
The kings of Malwa or Ujain who reigned at Dhar and flourished from the ninth to the twelfth centuries were of the Panwar clan. The 7th and 9th kings of this dynasty rendered it famous. “Raja Munja, the 7th king (974-995), renowned for his lerarning and eloquence, was not only a patron of poets, but was himself a poet of small reputation, the anthologies including various works from his pen. He penetrated in a career of conquest as far as Godavari, but was finally defeated and executed there by the Chalukya king. His nephew, the famous Bhoja, ascended the throne of Dhara about 1018 andreigned gloriously for more than forty years. Like his uncle he cultivated with equal assiduity the arts of peace and war.
Though his fights with neighbouring powers, including one of the Muhamadan armies of Mahmud of Ghazni, are now forgotten, his fame as an enlightened patron of learning and a skilled author remains undimmed, and his name has become proverbial as that of the model king acoording to Hindu standard. Works on astronomy, architecture, the art of poetry and other subjects are attributed to him. About AD 1060 Bhoja was attacked and defeated by the confederate kings of Gujarat and Chedi, and the Panwar kingdom was reduced to a petty local dynasty until the 13th century. It was finally superseeded by the chiefs of the Tomara and Chauhan clans, who in their turn succumbed to the Muhamaddans in 1401” (V.A. Smith, Early History of India 3rd ed. p395). The city of Ujjain was at this time a centre of Indian intelectual life. Some celebrated astronomers made it their home, and it was adopted as the basis of the Hindu meridional system like Greenwhich in England. The Panwars were held to have ruled from nine castles over the Marustali or ‘Region of death’, the name given to the great dessert of Rajputana, which extends from Sind to the Aravalli mountains and from the great salt lakes to the skirting of Garah. The principal of these castles were Abu, Nundore, Umarkot, Arore, and Lodorva. Mr. Crooke states that the expulsion of the Panwars from Ujjain under their leader Mitra Sen is ascribed to the attack of the Muhamaddans under Shahab-ud-din Ghori about AD 1190. After this they spread to Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, where they are known as Pawar (Sivaji was a Puar and so is the Nimbhalkar tribe) Mr. Crooke (Tribes and castes) states: “The Khidmatia,Barwar or Chobdar are said to be an inferior branch of the Panwars, descended from a low-caste woman” . “The Panwars had the abit of keeping women of lower castes to a greater degree than the ordinary, and this has been found to be trait of other castes of mixed origin, and they are sometimes known as Dhakar, a name having the sense of illigitimacy”. (Russel, p339). In the Maratha rice coutry of Wainganga the Panwars have developed into 36 exogamous sections, bearing names of Rajput clans and of villages. Their titles are: Chaudhri (headman), Patlia (patel or chief officer of a village) and Sonwania.
Pawars are descendents of Parmar kings of Dhar. Some of Parmar kings were followers of Jainism, others that of Shaivism. Parmar is a big caste of Jains in Gujarat and it is also a famous clan of Oswals. Another Jain caste named Parwar is also descendent of Parmar kings. Osho Rajnish was from this community, that once was part of the Parwars.
The Parwar Jain caste is called “Paurpatta” in Sanskrit inscriptions. There are quite a few Sanskrit inscriptions in the Chanderi region that mention them from 11-12th century. It is likely that they are the same people involved in installing Jain images going back to Gupta period in that region, thus they are unlikley to be the descendants of Parmar kings. The Jain caste in Gujarat (Porwal or Porwad) is called “Pragvata” in Sanskrit. Most of the famous Jain temples in Gujarat (Mt. Abu, Ranakpur) were build by them. Their home is South Rajastan. The Parmar kings are called “Pragvata” in Sanskrit. Their original home too is Southern Rajasthan. Thus “Pragvata” must be the name of the region that is now Southern Rajasthan; and the Parmar Rajputs and the Porwal Jains of Rajasthan/Gujarat both take their name from this region. This is the region where Mount Abu is located.
At the Time of Alexander’s raid into India, he ran up against the Puru tribe. The leader’s name was taken as Porus. There is at least one other “ Porus’ referred to in the Greek accounts. The clan or a name is Puru, and now possibly found amoung the Jats as Puru, Pawar, Parmar, Paur, Por, Paurava or Pauria, or Paurya as a gotra name. However clan names and gotra names may not coincide, the gotra denoting a forefather with the personal name, which may not always be the tribe name
Mori = Branch of Panwar Rajputs. They claim descent from Chandragupta Maurya, but they are probably not realated to the Maurya emperors. In Maharashtra the septs are: More, Madhure, Devkate, Harphale, Dhyber, Marathe, Darekar, Devkar, Adavale.
This dynasty was founded by Chandragupta Mourya at Patliputra (Modern Patna in Bihar) in 317 B.C. Chandragupta was born in Mayurposag (Peacock tamer) community. Chandragupta became the first historical emperor of India. His empire included almost all of the south Asia. He defeated the Greek invaders. Chandragupta ruled for 22 years. After him his son Bindusar became the emperor. After him Ashok became the emperor. After the war of Kalinga, Ashok adopted Buddhism. After Ashok his grand son Samprati became the emperor and ruled from Ujjain while Dashrath, another grandson ruled from Patliputra. Brihdrath was the last emperor of this dynasty. He was killed by his General Pushyamitra Shung. He founded Pushy dynasty. Kharvel, king of Kaling attacked and killed Pushyamitra. The ‘Devak’ of Mores is feather of peacock. This is because of their ‘Mayurposag’ (Peacock tamer) origin.

Sisodiya Rajputs (Suryavanshi)

Sisodiya Rajputs (Suryavanshi)

Valla / Balla /Ghalot (Ghelot/Guhilot)
24 saca or branches. Solar. The raja of Udaipur is a Grahilot.
Sub divisions: Sisodia, Gohil, Chundawat, Ranawat, Shaktawat, Sarangdevot, Sangawat, Chandrawat, Kshemawat, Suhawat, Ahariya
Gahlot / Sisodia (Sisodiya, Sesodia The Gahlot or Sisodia is generally admitted to be the premier Rajput clan. Their chief is described by the bards as “The Suryavansi Rana, of Royal race, Lord of Chitor, the ornament of the royal races”. Sisodia, are rulers of Mewar Along with Shekawat, Rathore, Bhati, Sisodia, Chauhan, Devra, Guhil, etc. they are the royal rulers of Rajastan.
The Sesodias claim descent from the sun, through Lav, oldest son of the divine Rama of Ajodhia. In token of their ancestry the royal banner of Mewar consisted of a golden sun on a crimson field. Law is suppoed to have founded Lahore. His descendants migrated to Saurashtra or Kathiawar , where they settled at Vidurbha or Balabhi, the capital of the Valabhi dynasty. The last king of Valabhi was Siladitya, who was killed by an invasion of barbarians (the town was sacked by the son of Nushirwan of Persia in AD 524). The Rajput queen escaped general destruction and gave birth to a son Goho or Gohaditya.Siladitya’s posthumous son, Gohaditya, ruled in Idar and the hilly country in the south-west of Mewar. From him this clan took the name of Gohelot or Gahlot. The family were also connected with the ruling princes of Valabhi.
According to their bards they are descendant from the Aryan Kshatryas of Ajodhia, who migrated to Surat and established the Valabhi kingdom. Variations of his name are Goha, Gohaditya, Guha, Guhdatt, Guhadatta, and Guhila. He ruled from Idar near the Mewar-Gujarat border. Guhil’s origins are not recorded but at least Colonel James TOD in his ANNALS AND ANTIQUITIES OF RAJASTHAN may have been close to the facts when he wrote that Guhil is said to have belonged to the Gurjara stock, kinsmen or allies of the Huns who entered India about the 6th century AD. They once ruled Oudh. Sila AD 646 was the 5th in descent from Guhadatta who may therefor be placed in the first part of the sixth century. Bappa Rawal the 6th in line from Guhaditya and he had his capital at Nagda, a few miles to the north of Udaipur city. A tradition states that Bappa was the son of Grahadata. He succeeded in propitiating the god Siva.
One day the king of Chitor died and left no heir to his throne. It was decided that whoever would be garlanded by a certain elephant would be placed on the throne. Bapa was present on the occasion and the elephant put the garland round his neck not only once, but thrice. Bapa was thus seated on the throne and the Sesodia clan was formed. According to tradition Bapa went to Chitor, then held by the Mori or Pramara rajputs, to seek his fortune, and was appointed to lead the Chitor forces against the Muhamadans on their first invasion of India. After defeating and expelling them he ousted the Mori ruler and established himself at Chitor, which has since been the capital of the Sesodias. Under the Sisodias palaces, temples, two fine towers, the Kirti Stambh and Jaya Stambh rose within its walls, quite apart from the more prosaic homes of the general populace.
The name Sesodia is really derived from Sesoda, the residence of a subsequent chief Rahup, who captured Mundore and wsa the first to bear the title of Rana of Mewar. Similarly Aharia is another local name from Ahar, a place in Mewar, which was given to the clan. They were also known as Raghuvansi or of the race of king Raghu, the ancestor of Rama From the 14th centuy the chronicles of the Sesodias contain many instances of rajput courage and devotion. Chitor was sacked 3 times before the capital was removed to Udaipur, first by Ala-ud-din Khilji in 1303, next by Bahadur Shah, the Muhamaddan king of Gujarat in 1534, and lastly by Akbar in 1567.
These events were known as Saka or massacres of the clan. On each occasion the women performed Johar or general immolation by fire, while the men saiiled forth, clad in saffron-coloured robes, to die sword in hand against the foe. At the first sack the goddess of the clan appeared in a dream to the Rana and demanded the lives of 12 of its chiefs as a condition for its preservation. His 11 sons were in turn crowned as chief, each ruling for 3 days, while on the 4th he sallied out and fell in battle. Lastly the Rana devoted himself in order that his favourite son Ajeysi might be spared and might perpetuate the clan. At the second scak 32000 were slain, and at the third 30000. Finally Aurangzeb destroyed the temples at Chitor, and only its ruins remain. Udaipur city was founded in 1559.
The Sesodias resisted the Muhamaddans for long, and several times defeated them. Udai Singh, the founder of Udaipur, abandoned his city and fled to the hills, where he caused his on territory to be laid waste, with the object of impeding the imperial forces. Of this period it is recorded that the Ranas were from father to son in outlawry against the emperor, and that sovereign had carried away the doors of the gate of Chitor and had set them up in Delhi. Fifty-two rajas and chiefs had perished in the struggle, and the Rana in his trouble lay at nights on a counterpane spread on the ground, and neither slept in his bed nor shaved his hair; and if he perchance broke his fast, had nothing better with which to satisfy it than beans baked in an earthen pot. For this reason it is that certain practices are to this day observed at Udaipur. A counterpane is spread below the rana’s bed, and his head remains unshaven and baked beans are laid daily upon his plate (Forbes, Rasmala p.400).
In 1614 Rana Singh, recognising that further opposition was hopeless, made his submission to the emperor on the condition that he should never have to present himself in person but might send his 2 sons in his place. This stipulation being accepted, the heir-apparent Karan Singh proceeded to Ajmer where he was magnanimously treated by Jahangir and shortly afterwards the imperial trops were withdrawn from Chitor. It is the oride of the Udaipur house that is never gave a daughter in marriage to nay of the Musalman emperors, and for many years ceased to intermarry with other Rajput families who had formed such alliances. But Amar Singh II (1698-1710) made a league with the Maharajas of Jodhpur and Jaipur for mutual protection against the Musalmans; and it was one of the conditions of the compact that the latter chiefs should regain the privilege of marriage with the Udaipur family which had been suspended since they had given daughters in marriage to the emperors. But the Rana unfortunaly added a proviso that the son of an Udaipur princess should succeed to the Jodhpur or Jaipur States in preference to any elder son by another mother.
The quarrels to which this stipulation gave rise led to the conquest of the country by the Marathas, at whose hands Mewar suffered more cruel devastation than it had ever been subjected to by the Musalmans. Ruinous war also ensued between Jodhpur and Jaipur for the hand of the famous Udaipur princess Kishen Kumari at the time when Rajputana was being devastated by the Marathas and Pindaris; and the quarrel was only settled by the voluntary death of the object of contention, who, after the kinsman sent to slay her had recoiled before her young beauty and innocence, willingly drank the draught of opium four times administered before the final result could be produced. (Tod, Rajastan p.398; the death of the princess was mainly the work of Amir Khan Pindari who brought pressure on the Rana to consent to it in order to save his state).

Solanki Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Solanki Rajputs (Agnivanshi)

Chalukya (Solinki or Chalok) with 16 branches. Main Shakha- Baghel.
The Marathi septs of Chalukya are: Chalukya, Chalke, Ingale, Pisal, Rannavre, Dubal, Mahale and of Solanki: Salunke, Pandhare, Patankar, Patole, Shevale, Babar, Padwal, Magar, Randheer, Ranpise, Sonvane, Gunjal, Lahane, Vyavhare, Navale, Londhe
It is said that Brahma created a young man from fire. He was holding a sword in one hand and Ved in the other. He came to be known as ‘Chilonki’ because it is believed that as Brahma had prepared the putla or human image on his hand, then had thrown it into fire, the man had born. It is said that the word got corrupted to ‘Milonki’ and later on to ‘Solinki’. Another version is that their original name is Chaluka, because they were formed in the palm (chalu) of the hand. They were not very prominenet in rajputana, but were very prominent in the Deccan. Here they were commonly called Chalukya, though in northern India the name Solanki is more common. As early as AD 350 Pulakesin I made himself master of the town of Vatapi, the modern Badami in the Bijapur District and founded a dynsty, which developed into the most powerful kingdom south of the Nerbudda, and lasted 2 centuries, when it was overthrown by the Rastrakuta Pulakesin II, one of this Chalukya dynasty successfully defended an inroad of the great emperor Harsha Vardhana of Kannauj, who aspired the conquest of the whole of India.
The Rastrakuta kings governed for 2 centuries and in AD 973 Taila or Tailapa II, a scion of the old Chalukya stock, restored the family of his ancestors to its former glory and founded the dynasty known as that of the Chalukya of kalyan, which lasted like that which it superseeded for nearly 2 centuries and a quarter, up to AD 1190. In the 10th century apparaently another branch of the scion migrated from Rajputana into Gujarat and established a new dynasty there, owing to which Gujarat, which had formerly been known as Lata, obtained its present name. The principal king of this line was Sidh raj Solanki, which is well known to tradition. From these Chalukya or Solanki rulers the Baghel clan arose, which afetrwards migrated to Rewah. The Solankis are found UP and in small numbers in MP (Hoshangabad and Nimar).
Salunkhes are descendents of Solanki Dynasty of Gujarat. Solankies ruled on Gujarat before 900 years. Solankies were descendents of Chalukyas of Karnataka in 6th to 8 century A.D. from Badami. Another branch of Chalukyas ruled between 973 A.D. to 1186 from Kalyan on Karnataka, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Chalukyas were Jains and this tradition was also in Solankies.
Kumarpal Solanki was the famous king of this dynasty who ruled between 1143 to 1172 A.D. He defeated the Turk invaders. Solanki is the famous clan of Oswal Jains.
Baghel / Vaghela (means race of the tiger or tiger club)
Baghel: In the ancient work entitled “Komarpal Charitra,” Baghel was listed as one of the Rajput tribes of Rajasthan (Tod 69), but are a branch of Sisodias. Walker described the Baghel, or Baghela, as one of the chief Rajput clans who played a major part in history. “Baghela or Vaghela of Gujarat...are related to the Chalukyas, and most propable a branch of it and have given their name to Baghelkhand” or Rewa, but others of the tribe have spread through Budelkhund. Allahabad, Benares, Kanpur, Gorakhpur and Farrukhabad. The chiefs of Rewah are Baghel and the Maharaja Raghuraj Singh has written a traditional history in Bhakt Mala. He derives their name from a chield , having the form of a tiger (bhagh), who was born to the Solanki Raja of Gujarat. The Bombay Gazetteer states that the founder of the clan was one Anoka, nephew of the Solanki king of Gujarat, Kumarpal (1143-1174). He obtained a grant of the village of Vaghela, the tiger’s lair. Subsequently the Baghels extended their power over the whole of Gujarat, but in 1304 the last king Karnadeva, was driven out by the Muhameddans and of his most beautiful wives was captured and sent to the emperor’s harem. Karnadeva and his daughter fled and hid themselves near Nasik, but the daughter was subsequently taken also, while it is not stated what became of Karnadeva. Mr. Hira Lal assistant of Mr.Russel suggests that he fled towards Rewah and that he is the Karnadeva of the list of Rewah Rajas, who married a daughter of the Gond-Rajput dynasty of Garha-Mandla. At any rate the Baghel branch of Solankis apperently migrated to Rewah from Gujarat and founded that state in the 14 th century and in the 15 th century they became prominent. According to captain Forsyth , the Baghels claim descent from a tiger and protect it when they can, They are found in Hoshangabad in Mandla and Chattisgarh which are close to Rewah. They were also known as Makwara.

Saturday, April 28, 2012

Sharmishta Talav:

Sharmishta Talav:
The town sits on the high bank of Sharmistha Talav, with an overlooking promenade, in a crescent and a series of steps leading to the tank. fortification and undulating skyline mirrored in the water of Sharmistha Talav lend a picturesque quality to the whole composition.

Friday, April 27, 2012

Rudra Mahalaya:
The ancient texts describe Rudra Mahalaya as a magnificent Shiva Temple with a three-storeyed 'shikhara', 1600 pillars, 12 entrance doors, central 'mandapa' and porches on east, north and south and sanctum in west. Around the temple, there were 11 shrines of Rudra. The eastern gate was adorned with beautifully carved 'Toran', with a flight of steps leading to the Saraswati River. Khan and Ahmed Shah of Ahmedabad ruthlessly destroyed this magnificent Shiva Temple, in the late 13th century or early 14th century. The cells on the surrounding walls were converted in to a mosque. Mansions of Bohra Muslims: Siddhpur is a major center of the Bohra Muslims from few centuries. The Bohras are a rich and cultured community spread all over the major cities of the world. They are deeply attached to their native town of Siddhpur and regularly visit the town for important social ceremonies. About a century ago, they built very beautiful mansions in a typical architectural style, from the wealth earned abroad. The well laid out paved streets, service lanes, mosques, perfect arrangement of row houses with profusely decorated facades using a common architectural vocabulary is a direct outcome of the collective vision of the Guilds of Bohra merchants. For any visitor, a visit to the Bohravad is a must and it will be a wonderful experience to suddenly discover such a perfect example of urban design in the middle of chaotic Indian urbanization.


It is situated 42 kms from Surat. Ubharat is known for a fine, sandy beach with a backdrop of shady palm groves.
Tithal: It is situated 108 kms from Surat and 5 kms from Valsad on the Mumbai Vadodara Western Railway. A beautiful sandy beach palm sheltered cottages is what you would get to see there.

Thursday, April 26, 2012

Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University:

Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University:
The erstwhile ruler of Baroda, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad built Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad University, also known as MSU, over a hundred years ago. The University is one of the bigger universities in Western India and the only one in Vadodara. The notable faculties here are the Faculty of Fine Arts and the Faculty of Performing Arts.

Makarpura Palace:

Makarpura Palace:
A beautiful palace designed in the Italianate style, the Makarpura is now used as a training school of the Indian Air Force.

Wednesday, April 25, 2012

Digvir Niwas Palace

Digvir Niwas Palace:
The Digvir Niwas Palace is one of the finest examples of royal architecture in the early 20th century. The Digvir Niwas Palace is a low profile linear building, with Ashlar stone masonary. The approach the palace is through a beautiful plaster decorated gate and the octagonal 'chhatris' on both sides of the entrance gate give it an imposing look.

Ranjit Vilas Palace on a hilL

Ranjit Vilas Palace:
Amarsinhji built the Ranjit Vilas Palace on a hill, overlooking Wankaner town. It took seven years to complete and was designed by Amarsinhji himself. It was inaugurated by and named after his dear friend Jam Ranjitsinjhi of Jamnagar. The ground of the palace extends to two hundred and twenty five acres. The state guesthouse, Chandra Bhavan is also located in the same campus in the vicinity of the Ranjit Vilas Palace.

Step Well: Wankaner also has a step well, the last one to be built in Gujarat. In the Royal Oasis complex, the 3-storeyed step well, has 2 underground floors with cool subterranean marble rooms, fine sculptures and a fountain.
Morbi: 27 kms. Among the places worth seeing in Morbi have Green Chowk, Darbargadh, Art Deco palace, Wellington Secretariat, railway station, Nehru Gate and Lakhdhirjee Engineering College.

Tuesday, April 24, 2012


60 Kms away, Sankheda is famous for its lacquered furniture work. Other major excursions are Tribal 'haats' of Bhil and Rathawa tribes in nearby villages, Hapeshwar Mahadev, Pavagadh (Kalika Mata temple, rope way, Patai Rawal Palace, fortification) 80kms, Champaner (Jami Mosque and other beautiful mosques, fortification) 80 Kms, Dabhoi (13th century fort, hira Bhagol and other gates) 75 Kms.

Prem Bhawan:

Prem Bhawan:
The Prem Bhavan Palace in the same campus is now a heritage hotel, offering excellent accommodation, food and package tours to nearby interesting places. architecturally beautiful royal buildings now used as public buildings and government offices are Collector's office, Rani Mahal, college and ITI building.

Jain Derasar Temple:

Jain Derasar Temple:
The Jain Derasar is a typical example of plaster-decorated buildings of Gujarat, imitating woodcarvings and figurines in plasterwork, showing the influence of Victorian art. The arcades, with decorated pillars, the figures with musical instruments, their dressing, headgear and hairstyle painted in an unconventional manner with bright colours, make a beautiful composition.

Monday, April 23, 2012

Fateh Singh Museum:

Fateh Singh Museum:
Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum houses a remarkably huge number of art works of the royal family. Maharaja Sir Sayajirao Gaekwad III during his several visits abroad collected pieces of art and stored them here. The most fascinating collection of this museum however comprises of host of paintings by European and Indian artists. In this collection, paintings of Raja Ravi Varma who was specially deployed by the then Maharaja of Baroda catches the limelight. His collections essentially comprises of the portraits of the Royal family and paintings based on Hindu mythology. Hindu mythology was the forte of Raja Ravi Varma.

This apart, at Maharaja Fateh Singh Museum in Vadodara you will also get to see the striking collection of sculptures in marble and bronze. This collection comprises of the representation of great masters in bronze specially made to order by the Maharaja and also originals by famous artists. Besides, you will also come across works of an Italian artist called Fellicci who not only decorated the museum with his fine works but also the Lakshmi Vilas Palace.

Sayaji Bagh

Sayaji Bagh:
Sayaji Baug (the famous park) is situated on river Vishwamitri and was built by Sayajirao III in 1879. Sprawling over 113 acres, it also includes an excellent zoo, the Baroda Museum and Picture Gallery, the Museum of Health and Hygiene and the Sardar Patel Planetarium.A major attraction for children is the 3.5 kms joy ride through the park on the toy train.

Sunday, April 22, 2012

Hussain-Doshi's Gufa:

Hussain-Doshi's Gufa:
Hussain-Doshi's Gufa It is a gallery housing the collaborative efforts of artist M. F. Hussain and the architect B. V. Doshi., art and architecture fuse to become a unique experience, both complementing each other magnificently.Located in the campus of the Centre for Environment Planning and Technology, the Gufa is a configuration of cave-like structures buried under the ground. This marvel of contemporary architecture was constructed using computer aided design and tribal initiative.

Koba Teerth:

Koba Teerth:
During the year 1980 this holy shrine of Koba Teerth was built in memory of His Holiness Acharyashri Kailas Sagarsuriji Maharaj Saheb. The greatest wonder of this shrine is that, every year during the month May dated 22nd, the ray of the rising sun will pass through to the pinnacle and shine on the forehead of the idol of Bhagwan Mahavir Swami, this idol is beautifully placed in the shrine in the position of Padmasana and white in colour which enhances divinity to the pilgrims and visitors. This wonder temple of Jain pilgrim center is situated on the way between Gandhinagar and Ahemdabad and on the banks of the River Sabarmati.

Saturday, April 21, 2012

Bala Hanuman Temple

Bala Hanuman Temple

Pilgrimage Tours >> Hindu Pilgrimage >> Temples >> Bala Hanuman Temple

Bala Hanuman TempleIntroduction to Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar
The city of Jamnagar in Gujarat has had an elaborate history that dates back to the time of its foundation in the year 1540 A.D. It is by virtue of this highly illustrated history that Jamnagar offers a wide range of attractions for its tourists. Among these Tourist Attractions in Jamnagar, the Holy Places in Jamnagar are visited by the tourists form various parts of India and the world. Among these, the Temples in Jamnagar and more importantly, the Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar deserve a special mention.

History of Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar
The History of Bala Hanuman Temple and that of Jamnagar is interrelated at least as far as the essence of the place is concerned. Jamnagar is a city as well as a district belonging to the State of Gujarat. Historically, Jamnagar district was known as 'Nawanagar' (meaning the new city), which was one of the most important princely states of Saurashtra.

In 1540 A.D., Jamnagar was founded by Jam Rawal who was one of the rulers of the place. Today Jamnagar (meaning the city of the Jams) found its name from the hereditary title 'Jam' given to the rulers at that time.

According to the legendary epic Ramayana, Hanuman was an ardent disciple of Lord Rama. Hence 1st of August, 1964, the visitors of Jamnagar Bala Hanuman Temple have been mesmerized by the relentless chanting of "Sri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram". This devotion has also earned the Temple of Bala Hanuman, a place in the Guinness Book of Records.

Description of Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar
Built on the South-Eastern portion of Ranmal Lake, Bala Hanuman Temple has been dedicated to Lord Hanuman. One of the major attractions associated with Bala Hanuman Temple in Jamnagar, India is the endless chants of the mantra of Shri Rama, which as called the 'Ram Dhun' or the song of Rama.

The archeological significance of the Temple is also worth noticing. Each year the Bala Hanuman Temple is visited by thousands of devotees. The Jamnagar Railway Station being the nearest railhead, the Temple is also easily accessible.

Hence if you have a religious bent of mind or you do not, a Tour to Jamnagar is incomplete without a visit to the Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar.

Thursday, April 19, 2012

Bala Hanuman Temple

Bala Hanuman Temple

Bala Hanuman Temple, Bala Hanuman Temple tour, Visit Bala Hanuman Temple of Gujarat, Temple tour of Bala Hanuman TempleSince August 1st 1964, there has been a continuous chanting of 'Shri Ram', 'Jai Ram', 'Jai Jai Ram', or 'Ram Dhun' (invocation of Lord Rama) 24 hours a day. This continuous rendition has earned the temple a place in the Guinness Book of Records.

The Bala Hanuman Temple is on the South-Eastern side of Ranmal Lake, and here, 24 hours a day since 1 August 1964, there's been continuous chanting of the invocation Shri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram'. This devotion has earned the Temple a place in the Guinness Book of Records. Early evening is a particularly good time to visit as its reasonably energetic then. In fact this whole area on the South-Eastern border of the lake becomes very lively around sunset.

Shri Hanuman Mandir

Shri Hanuman Mandir, Salangpur

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Shri Hanuman Mandir, Salangpur

Shri Hanuman Mandir, Sarangpur
Location: Salangpur, Gujarat
Architecture and culture
Primary deity: Hanuman in the form of Kastbhanjan
Creator: Gopalanand Swami

Shri Hanuman Mandir, Salangpur is a Hindu temple located in Salangpur, Gujarat and comes under the Vadtal Gadi of the Swaminarayan Sampraday.[1] It is dedicated to Hanuman in the form of Kastbhanjan (Crusher of sorrows).[2] It is the only Swaminarayan temple to have Hanuman as a central deity. In other temples, the central deity is a human form with the shrine of Hanuman along with that of Ganpati at the entrance of the temple.[1]

History and description

This temple is among the more prominent ones in the Swaminarayan Sampraday. The image of Hanuman was installed by Mul Akshar Sadguru Gopalanand Swami. According to author Raymond Williams, it is reported that when Mul Akshar Sadguru Gopalanand Swami installed the image of Hanuman, he touched it with a rod and the image came alive and moved. This story has become a charter for the healing ritual performed at this temple.[1] The image of Hanuman here is a stout figure with a handlebar moustache, crushing a female demon under his foot and baring his teeth, standing among sculpted foliage full of fruit bearing monkey attendants.[2]


The image of this temple is said to be so powerful that a mere look at it by people affected by evil spirits, drives the evil spirits out of the people affected.[3] Saturday is the designated day for a special ritual (as Saturday is dedicated to Hanuman) for those affected by mental illnesses and other disorders. They are brought to the temple to be touched by the rod used by Mul Akshar Sadguru Gopalanand Swami during the installation ceremony of the image. This rod has now been covered in silver. The temple administration has hired a brahmin householder to act as a priest at the temple and conduct this ritual. After this, the person affected is instructed to circumambulate the shrine and repeat this after doing darshan a number of times. Some people take a special vow to do this a certain number of times or to chant the Swaminarayan Mahamantra whiles doing this.[1]

Wednesday, April 18, 2012

Bala Hanuman Temple Jamnagar

Bala Hanuman Temple Jamnagar Gujarat

History of Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar
The History of Bala Hanuman Temple and Jamnagar both are interrelated to each other. The temple is built in the honor of Hanuman who was a stanch follower of Lord Rama, as pointed in the prodigy Ramayana. Therefore, those who have been coming on the terrains of Jamnagar especially pay their visit to this Bala Hanuman Temple since 1st of August, 1964 and seem to be exhilarated by the inexorable intoning of "Sri Ram, Jai Ram, Jai Jai Ram". The lovers and admirers of both immensely respected Lord Rama and his ally Lord Hanuman come so recurrently to proffer their pious prayers and thus the temple is remarkably listed in the Guinness Book of Records.

Description of Bala Hanuman Temple, Jamnagar
The architecture of this outsized Bala Hanuman Temple is overwhelming because it is made on the South-Eastern portion of Ranmal Lake and is dyed-in-the-wool to the worthy Lord Hanuman. Entire premises of the temple is drenched in the hymn of Shri Rama or commonly known as 'Ram Dhun'.

However, if you want you can also travel around the Bala Hanuman Temple which is also the point of discussion among the fortune hunters far or near because of its highly noteworthy archeological significance. So, plan a trip to this memorial as is easily accessible because of sharing its proximity to the Jamnagar railhead.

TSI India offers online information on How to Reach Jamnagar and booking for tours to Jamnagar, Gujarat. For more information, or to book your tour, please fill up the query form below.

Ranjit Vilas Palace – Vankaner near Rajkot

Ranjit Vilas Palace – Vankaner near Rajkot
Ranjit Vilas Palace was built in 1907 A.D after its construction commenced in 1900s. Amarsinhji himself took the pains to build the Ranjit Vilas Palace on a hill, overlooking Wankaner town. It was inaugurated by and named after his dear friend Jam Ranjitsinhji of Jamnagar. The ground of the palace extends to two hundred and twenty five acres. The state guesthouse, Chandra Bhavan is also located in the same campus in the vicinity of the Ranjit Vilas Palace.
Ranjit Vilas Palace has a grand architectural finesse. The front and back facades are appropriately designed in response to its location. The receding volumes, on the front, creating a series of terraces culminating in two beautifully designed pavilions with gothic arches. The back facade, on the town side, really establishes the palace as an impressive landmark. The seven storied central clock tower capped by a Mughal dome and two five storied high bastions, at both the corners, culminate in hexagonal ‘Chhatris’ (Umberellas). The facade has arcades of arched Victorian windows Italianate pillars, Gothic arches and classical parapets. A massive Dutch roof spans the central wing of the palace. A double staircase is the unique feature of the interior of this palace, where the royal ladies could ascend and descend without being seen by men. A similar double staircase at Chateau de Chambord, Loire, France, dating to the Renaissance period, inspired this staircase.
Ranjit Vilas Palace has a memorable collection of swords, shields and daggers, 95 species of stuffed animals, duelling pistols, pig sticking spears, silver, linen chests, silver-plated howdahs, thrones, paintings and portraits. The palace has magnificent spiraling marble staircase, stained glass galleries, chandeliers and period furniture. The garage, on the grounds of the palace complex, has Vintage cars like the 1921 Rolls Royce Silver Ghost, some imposing American cars and horse drawn carriages. The palace also has a stable of Kathiawadi horses. There are large grounds with beautiful Italianate fountains.

Tuesday, April 17, 2012

The Art Deco Palace

The Art Deco Palace (1931–1944) is a marvellous example of the influence of the last phase of the European art deco movement. It is poetry in granite, a low two-storey structure with banded horizontal fenestration, curves and bays, which resembles the London underground stations of Charles Holden. palace has six drawing rooms, six dining rooms, and fourteen bedrooms. The decorated subterranean bedroom, with many erotic murals and a bathroom made from seashells are also noteworthy.

Monday, April 16, 2012


Church Jesus,Daman and Diu, Daman and Diu Tourism, Daman and Diu Hotels, Daman and Diu Travel, Places to see in Daman and Diu, Places to stay in Daman and Diu City, Visit Daman and Diu City

Diu is an isolated island on the Arabian coast made up of tidal marsh, salt pans, limestone cliffs, rocky coves and sandy beaches. The island is full of quarries built by the Portuguese, and covered by coconut and palm trees. The town of Diu is located at the eastern end of the island and has some interesting tourist spots including the old fortress and the Portuguese cathedral. The Nagoa beach and the museum are also major places to visit in Diu.

The local fishermen mark the Nariyal poornima as the beginning of the fishing season after monsoon. The occasion is highlighted by boat races and swimming contests.

The Diu airport connects Diu with Mumbai and some other places in west India. offers all inclusive information about Daman and Diu besides other tourist places in India.

Green Chowk

Green Chowk is a town square approached by a series of three gates. European town planning principles inspired the creation of these gates as landmarks in the town. The Nehru Gate is made out of stone using elements of Rajput architecture with a central clock tower, while another one uses elements of western architecture and is capped by a three-storey cast iron frame structure with a dome.

Sunday, April 15, 2012

The Suspension Bridge

The Suspension Bridge, an engineering marvel built at the turn of the century, reflects the progressive and scientific nature of the rulers of Morbi. This was built to give a unique identity to Morbi using the latest European technology available in those days.,%20The%20Suspension%20Bridge%20with%20Snowdonia%20Mountains%201280pix.jpg+It is 1.25 metres wide and spans 233 metres on the Machchhu River, connecting Darbargadh Palace and Lakhdhirji Engineering College. Recently this bridge has been renovated and opened up to tourists.

Mani Mandir

Mani Mandir is a temple situated in the courtyard of Wellingdon Secretariat. The images of Laxmi Narayan, Mahakali, Ramchandraji, Radha- Krishna and Shiva are worshiped in this temple. Mandir is made out of Jaipur stone with excellent workmanship and exquisitely carved elements: arches, brackets, jalis, chhatris and shikhara. Wellingdon Secretariat is an excellent example of the application of the principles of Rajput architecture by master craftsmen at the turn of the century.

Saturday, April 14, 2012

दमन दिउ

Tourist Attractions

Devka,Daman and Diu, Places to see in Daman and Diu, Places to visit in Daman and Diu, Tourist attractions in Daman and Diu, Weekend trips from Daman and Diu Excursions, Events in Daman and Diu, Festivals in Daman and Diu Daman & Diu the union territories were under the rule of the Portuguese for a period of 450 years. While in your holidays in Daman & Diu, you will feel a subtle old world charm that is further reminded by the impressive forts and cathedrals that were built during the colonial era. The sandy beaches and rocky coves are the major geographical traits of Daman & Diu that add beauty and grandeur to this quaint land. Besides, there are many tourist attractions in Daman & Diu that are worth catching a glimpse.

Zampa waterfall,Daman and Diu, Places to see in Daman and Diu, Places to visit in Daman and Diu, Tourist attractions in Daman and Diu, Weekend trips from Daman and Diu Excursions, Events in Daman and Diu, Festivals in Daman and Diu Daman is quite popular for several impressive forts, churches, amusement parks and exotic beaches. The fort of St. Jerome at Nani Daman is simply enchanting and you can also visit the Jain temple nearby. Moreover, the 17th-century-old Se Cathedral and the Church of Our Lady of Rosary in Moti Daman are also worth paying a visit as one will get an opportunity to witness the wonderful Portuguese carvings on the walls of these churches. These are the most significant ones among the Daman & Diu tourist attractions since they are built in the ancient Gothic style and are simply feast for the eyes.

The other noteworthy tourist attractions in Daman & Diu are, the stately Light House, the amusement park and the Gandhi Park that are located at Daman jetty. The water lovers can take a plunge in the cool blue waters of the exquisite Jampore beach. Among the beaches, Devka beach is the most famous and is characterized by sun-kissed sands, turquoise waters and a peaceful ambiance.

The Zampa Gateway among the various tourist attractions in Daman & Diu is of particular interest. It features carvings of lions, angels and a priest and also houses a chapel that has inscription dating back to the year 1702. The tourists will also catch the sight of the artificial Zampa waterfall which is also quite attractive. Paul's Church is the only active church till date.

Nagoa beach,Daman and Diu, Places to see in Daman and Diu, Places to visit in Daman and Diu, Tourist attractions in Daman and Diu, Weekend trips from Daman and Diu Excursions, Events in Daman and Diu, Festivals in Daman and Diu Moving further on the sightseeing tour of Daman & Diu, you will find old St. Thomas's Church, which has been transformed into the Diu Museum. There is also a huge fort that was built in the year 1541 and is now weathered and weak; it is also one of the key tourist points.

There are also several temples and mosques such as the Gangeshwar Temple and the Jama masjid. The Nagoa beach, Gomptimata, Chakratirth and the stunning Sunset Point are the other prominent beaches that are also the major lures for the discerning tourists. offers online information on the Tourist Attractions in Daman & Diu and also offers useful inputs about Daman & Diu.

Jain Temples

Jain Temples

The Palitana temples are considered the most sacred pilgrimage place (tirtha) by the Jain community. There are more than 1300 temples located on the Shatrunjaya hills, exquisitely carved in marble. The main temple on top of the hill, is dedicated to 1st tirthankar lord Adinath (Rishabdeva). On the top the Shatrunjai Hill is a cluster of Jain temples, built by generations of Jains over a period of 900 years, from the 11th century onwards. The temples are managed by the Anandji Kalyanji Trust of the Kasturbai Lalbhai group. From the foot of the hill to the top there are 3,800 and odd stone steps cut to facilitate climbing

Thursday, April 12, 2012

Hawa Mahal Palitana

Hawa Mahal Palitana

Built in the Edwardian style, the design and execution of this palace was carried out by an Indian contractor in the 1930s. The Gohil kins of Palitana, a sub-branch of the Bhavnagar Gohils, drew a large part of their revenue by levying taxes on Jain pilgrims visiting the ancient hill temples of Palitana.

Vijay Vilas Palace – Palitana, Across Mandvi Beach, Bhavnagar: Vijay Vilas Palace is located on the banks of Rukmavati river, 8 kms away from Mandvi. This Palace is turned to a remarkable Heritage Hotel build by Yuvraj Vijay Sinhji of Palitana. Build in 1920 A.D. by architects and craftsmen from Jaipur, it has elements of Rajput architecture with central high dome on the pillars, colored window panes, carved stone ‘jalis’, domed bastions at the corners, extended porch and other exquisite stone carved marvels. It has Bengal domes on the sides. The Palace stands unique with grandeur with its own private beach which offer air conditioned tented accommodation. A popular tourist destination, the Vijay Vilas Palace is filmed in Bollywood.

Sea Side Palace Veraval

Sea Side Palace Veraval

This was exactly the summer palace of former Nawab of princely Junagadh State. Now it has been converted into educational institute, Somnath Sanskrit University

About Veravel: Veraval is a city and a municipality in Junagadh district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located 6 km from Somnath.

History: Veraval was founded in 13th or 14th by Rao Veravalji Vadher, a Rajput .Veraval was once a fortified port town of the royal family of Junagadh. Till 1953 when the district of Junagadh was merged with India. The city still bears some remains of the old Nawabi heritage, the beautiful Nawabi summer palace being one of them. There are ruins of the old Nawabi fort and Nawabi Gates in and around the place. The old walls of the port are now ruined, but the impressive Junagadh gate and the Patan gate are still seen, but are in a very bad state. The Nawabi Palace with gothic features which is one of the main attractions. It is popularly known as Somnath College (the palace was converted into a college after it was abandoned by the nawab). At present it is the building of a Sanskrit university. The town is often known as the gateway to the magnificent temple of Somnath and the pilgrimage centres of Prabhas Patan and Bhalkha. Veraval is also the nearest town to the Gir National Park (42 km away).

Before the rise of Surat, Veraval was the major seaport for pilgrims to Mecca. Its importance now is as a fishing port which is one of largest in India. Sea going dhows and fishing boats are still being built by the sea without the use of any instruments other than a tape-measure. Traditional skills are passed down from father to son. about 25km from the veraval the historical place is located, which lies in savani village, is known as pandav gufa. According to mahabharta during the vanvas pandvas stayed there.

This was exactly the summer palace of former Nawab of princely Junagadh State. Now it has been converted into educational institute, Somnath Sanskrit University

About Veravel: Veraval is a city and a municipality in Junagadh district in the Indian state of Gujarat. It is located 6 km from Somnath.

History: Veraval was founded in 13th or 14th by Rao Veravalji Vadher, a Rajput .Veraval was once a fortified port town of the royal family of Junagadh. Till 1953 when the district of Junagadh was merged with India. The city still bears some remains of the old Nawabi heritage, the beautiful Nawabi summer palace being one of them. There are ruins of the old Nawabi fort and Nawabi Gates in and around the place. The old walls of the port are now ruined, but the impressive Junagadh gate and the Patan gate are still seen, but are in a very bad state. The Nawabi Palace with gothic features which is one of the main attractions. It is popularly known as Somnath College (the palace was converted into a college after it was abandoned by the nawab). At present it is the building of a Sanskrit university. The town is often known as the gateway to the magnificent temple of Somnath and the pilgrimage centres of Prabhas Patan and Bhalkha. Veraval is also the nearest town to the Gir National Park (42 km away).

Before the rise of Surat, Veraval was the major seaport for pilgrims to Mecca. Its importance now is as a fishing port which is one of largest in India. Sea going dhows and fishing boats are still being built by the sea without the use of any instruments other than a tape-measure. Traditional skills are passed down from father to son. about 25km from the veraval the historical place is located, which lies in savani village, is known as pandav gufa. According to mahabharta during the vanvas pandvas stayed there.

Wednesday, April 11, 2012

Riverside Palace - Gonda

Riverside Palace - Gondal: Built in the 1800s as the residence of the Yuvraj (Indian equivalent of a crown prince) of Gondal princely state, the Riverside Palace is now a heritage hotel owned and run by his descendants. The riverside palace is located at the edge of the Gondali River; built in colonial style of architecture, amidst a garden with huge trees. It has huge high-ceilinged rooms with period furniture, marvellously appointed sitting arrnagements, and a view of the river from the rooftop.
The living room is decorated in European taste, while the Indian room has brassware, beadwork and paintings in typical Indian style. The series of galleries and terraces of the palace building bring nature close to the visitors of this heritage hotel.

Navlakha Palace - Gonda

Navlakha Palace - Gondal: The Navlakha Palace dates back to 17th Century. The Palace is situated on a river bank with a grand masonary base rising to the monumental scale of over 30 meter above the river bed. It has high gateway approach with clock tower from the town side. The Palace entrance lead to huge open spaces. It has high roofed administrative blocks with grand staircase with banister on the extreme left corner leading to intricately carved pavision opening to an open terrace. The Grand Darbar Hall has huge windows opening to long balcony supported by intricately carved brackets with backdrop of river view. It has chandeliers, gilt wooden furniture, antique Belgian mirror work and stuffed panther as décor. The Palace Museum display artifacts, gifts and messages received by Sir Bhagwatsinhi, a great visionary ruler who introduced social reforms, planned the development of Gondal town and created Gondal, a model state of Saurashtra in late 19th and early 20th century.

Tuesday, April 10, 2012

About bhuj

About bhuj

The Bhuj is ancient city located in the the western city of India, was gravely suffered during 2001 devastating earthquake. That demolished almost 10% of city, killed many and destroyed many ancient heritage. But there is still much interest left in this lull town. The city is 300km away from Ahmedabad. There are beautiful bazaars, medieval temple and palaces, traditional handicrafts and many other things to see. Bhuj is situated near the Gulf of Kutch, a part of Arabian Sea with low hills and embroidery.

Bhuj was founded by Maharao Hamir in the early 16th century. Also during the British rule Bhuj was an independent princely state. After independence it became a part of India. The city is renowned as walled city as it was once fenced by with thick stoned walls. The climate is typical desert because of its proximity with the desert of Rann. Summer is blistering and winter cool and mild. The monsoon is associated with cyclones. The city has well transformation facility. Bhuj is also afford to have its own airport that connects with Ahmedabad and Mumbai. Rann Utsav of Bhuj is famous festival in the western part of Gujarat.

Prag Mahal - Bhuj, Kutch

Prag Mahal - Bhuj, Kutch: Pragmalji II took up the construction of Prag Mahal in Bhuj, India on 1838 A।D। and continued with it till the year 1876. He assigned the task of designing the building to Colonel Henry Saint Wilkins, a renouned Architect during that time. Raised in the year 1879, the Prag Mahal is a splendid palace in Gothic style at a cost of Rs 31 lakh by an array of Italian engineers, artists and artisans. You can see the entire Bhuj city from its 45-foot high tower.The ornamentation on the body of the structure has its grandeur look. The Corinthian pillars and Jali work which depicts European plants and animals are also worthy of a mention.

Monday, April 9, 2012

Kusum Vilas Palace

Kusum Vilas Palace

The palace is set in forty acres of grounds, and is entered through a majestic wrought iron crested gate. The lawn in front has as the centrepiece a fabulous fountain with three massive marble statues of European women rising up from the centre of the water. Beside the lawn is the Shalimar, a Mughal style fountained garden. The faade is dominated by a huge dome flanked by smaller domes and turrets. A massive portico with cusped arches marks the entrance, and marble steps lead to a reception area with intricate filigree work on stone, the whole housing a sofa set, a glass cabinet guarding historic books, and big cats duly stuffed. The drawing room is beautifully attired in French period furniture, Belgian crystal chandeliers, marble Italian statues, stuffed animals and exotically coloured carpets. Paintings here depict religious Indian themes and old scenes of Chotta Udaipur. The games room displays an elderly billiard table. The banqueting hall has a long communal table with matching chairs. A marble staircase leads upstairs, where another drawing room is resplendent with beautiful furniture and paintings. Art Deco furnished bedrooms and a bar room run the length of the first floor. A colourfully floored verandah offers views of the hills. The old guesthouse, the Prem Bhuvan, beside the palace, has a collection of royal portraits and pictures. The indoor swimming pool, housed in a special structure to give privacy to the royal family, is enclosed by carved pillars.

Sunday, April 8, 2012

Nazar Bagh Palace

Nazar Bagh Palace

Gujarat is a leading historical place in India with its forts and palaces that exhibit spectacular architectural monuments. The major forts and palaces of Gujarat are Nazar Bagh Palace, Pawagadh Fort, Uparkot Fort, Kusum Vilas Palace, and Dabhoi Fort. A unique blend of Hindu, Islamic, and European architecture is observed in the constructions of Gujarat.

Nazar Bagh Palace of Gujarat happens to be very stylistically constructed. It happens to be a much-sought-after tourist destination in the expanse of Gujarat, India and it is a privately owned royal property. The three-storied Nazar Bagh Palace is the oldest extant palace in Baroda.

Dabhoi Fort

Dabhoi Fort

Dabhoi was established in the early 6th century AD. Its foundation and fortification is ascribed to the great King of Gujarat, Siddhraj Jaisinh (1093-1143 AD), who made this his frontier fortress. The architectural style and the exquisite stone carving and iconography on the fort walls and gates suggests that it was conceived and constructed in the same period as Rudra Mahalaya and Zinzuwada Fort. It is mentioned as an important city in the Jain inscriptions of Girnar (VS 1288).

It came under the control of Muslim rulers in 1300 AD after the fall of Patan. The fort of Dabhoi is one of the rare surviving examples of Hindu military architecture, based on the shastri traditions described in various Vaastu scriptures. The famous battle of Dabhoi was fought on 1 April 1731 between Sarsenapati Trimbakrao Dabhade and Bajirao Peshwa. There are four gates in the town, one in each cardinal direction, having indirect entry, located in the middle of each side of the fort wall. It was altered during the time of Visaldev and the Muslim rule. Hira Bhagol, the most exquisitely carved gate, is in the east, with Vadodara Gate in the west, Champaner Gate in the north and Nandod Gate in the south. Dabhoi has many Jain and Hindu temples, devoted to different gods and goddesses.

Dabhoi is the place were the great Gujarati poet, Dayaram, composer of many Garbis (devotional songs) and a devotee of Ranchhodraiji of Dakor took his last breath. Many Jain scholars also stayed here in the past and enriched the Jain Granth Bhandar, which has a collection of ancient Jain manuscripts.

It is a major Jain pilgrimage place. There are 6 temples. Shri Lodhan Parshvanath temple is main attraction. Dabhoi is also known for great philanthropist Shree indubhai sheth, He was one of the great son of dabhoi, he was involved in lot of charity work. Dabhoi is Also known For Zarolawaga because of Brave people residing in this area, During every Riots Zarolawaga has protected Hindus of Dabhoi Town, People Living in this area Called 'Zarola', It is a Residence of Raskavi Dayaram, Present Day there is Big Vaishanv Haveli in this Area, Zarolawaga is been Producing Great Talented People.

Saturday, April 7, 2012

Uparkot Fort

Uparkot Fort

An ancient fortified city rich in myth and legend, Junagadh lies at the foot of Girnar Hill and takes its name from the 'Old Fort' which circles the medieval town. The Girnar Hills stands from 2500 years BC having a legend of the rimes of the emperor Ashoka (250 BC) whose fourteen Rock Edicts can be seen cut into a great rock outside the city.

Junagadh breathes history: These edicts, set up by Ashoka, the Great Indian emperor, date back 2200 years. Within this ancient fort of Uparkot, the architectural marvels of Hindu Chudasma rulers and Muslim Mohmud Beghda coexist in perfect harmony. The majestic Mohabatkhan Maqbara, a memorial to Junagadh's Babi Ruler and the Veritable Darbar Hall Museum show that Junagadh continued to make history untill as recently as 100 years ago.

City Palace Dhrangadhra

City Palace Dhrangadhra

Kesar Makwana (later called Jhala), an ancestor of the present day Jhalas is said to have ruled over Makran, Baluchistan, before the Arab army overran the area. The Tudor-like architecture of Dhrangadhra is entirely built from locally available sandstone.

About Dhrangadhra

Dhrangadhra is a city and a municipality in Surendranagar district in the state of Gujarat, India. During the period of the British Raj, the city was the capital of Dhrangadhra state, one of the eight first-class princely states (13-gun salute) of the Kathiawar Agency in the Bombay Presidency.

History: Dhrangadhra grew from the state of Jhalawad which was founded about AD 1090. This state was ruled by the Jhala Rajputs. In AD 1735, Dhrangadhra was founded as its capital. The state was then renamed Dhrangadhra-Halvad state from the initial name of Kuwa, Halwad.

In 1941 the princely state of Dhrangadhra had a population of 94,417 living in an area of 1,167 square miles.

In 1948 the state of Dhrangadhra was made part of the Zalawad district in Saurashtra. In 1956 it became part of Gujarat.

Friday, April 6, 2012

MS University

MS University


MS University
Maharaja Sayajirao University is one of the most respected institutes of higher learning in western India. It is home to fine work in fields such as human genome research, social work, and technology, as well as for an excellent Archaeological Department where you can find out about new findings on Harappan sites or the intriguing excavations at the Buddhist site of Dev-ni-Mori. The university is most known for being a hub of artistic activity, however The Faculty of Arts, originally Baroda College, with its easily visible dome, provides a city landmark for the confused visitor. The Faculty of Fine Arts, continuing Sayajirao's tradition of support for current progressive work, was established in the 1950s when modern Indian art was first evolving its own identity. It is known not just for conserving tradition, but for experimenting with change. It frequently exhibits the works of renowned artists. It also hosts a popular Navratri event. If interested, inquire at the office about entry regulations. The Faculty of Performing Arts is popularly known as Music College, but also has a dance program. There is also a small theatre called Play Box. Enjoy the art, concerts, plays, and general buzz at this place of learning.

Thursday, April 5, 2012

Gujarat Ayurved University

Gujarat Ayurved University

Gujarat Ayurved University
Further down the road from the Solarium, you can find Gujarat Ayurved University, the largest Ayurvedic teaching center in Gujarat. It was established in 1967, following a history of staunch support for Ayurvedic medicine from the rulers of the original princely state of Nawanagar. There are a number of departments and programs, including Yoga & Naturopathy Education and Research wing. There are also courses for foreign students, both short-term and long-term. The university has two hospitals with free medicine and consultation, and grows many of its own medicinal herbs.

Labels: Health, University