Rani Ni Vav
Location : Patan, Gujarat.
Built By : Rani Udaymati.
Built In Memory of : Bhimdeva.
Significance : Most Elaborately Adorned Step Well In India.
The ornate Stepwell
Step-wells, subterranean structures with steps leading down to the water level, are found in large numbers in the arid regions of Gujarat and Rajasthan . They started as simple structures, and in course of time, evolved to become complex, aesthetically pleasing works of art. The Rani-Ni-Vav at Patan, is one such monument.
The 'Vav' was built during the reign of Rani Udaymati of the Solanki Dynasty, probably as a memorial for her husband Bhimdeva I (1022-1063 AD), it is about 134 kms northwest of Ahmedabad , and about 57 kms from Mehsana.
No other 'Vav' or step well in India is so profusely adorned as the Rani-Ni-Vav. More than 800 sculptures form a remarkable backdrop to what was purely a functional structure.